Depending on the time of the day you may want to choose either a hot or cold brewed coffee and in this article I will go over the different types so you can make your choice on what brew you’d like to have next.
Types of Hot Coffee
- Black Coffee
- Café au Lait
- Flat White
- Irish Coffee
- Mocha Latte
- Red Eye
Types of Cold Coffee
- Cold Brew
- Iced Coffee
- Iced Latte
- Nitro Cold Brew
- Vietnamese Iced Coffee
Different Types of Beans
There are four primary types of coffee beans and while you may see Arabica or Robusta in your grocery isle, there are two more beans that you should be familiar with.
There four coffee beans are:
- Arabica (Coffee arabica)
- Robusta (Coffee caniphora)
- Liberica (Coffee liberica)
- Excelsa (Coffee liberica var. dewevrei)
Arabica (Coffee arabica)
Arabica is the most popular type of coffee and makes up for 70% of coffee produced globally.
Arabica beans is known to have a more complex and sweeter flavor from the other beans and it typically used for black coffee.
Robusta (Coffee caniphora)
Robusta coffee (be it a bean, brewed in the cup, or the plant itself) refers to coffee that comes from the plant species Coffea canephora. Robusta is cheaper and stronger than Arabica and because of that and its bitter flavor, you’ll typically see Robusta used for espresso drinks and in instant coffee mixes.
Liberica (Coffee liberica)
The rarest of coffee beans. This bean originated from Liberia in West Africa. The Liberica coffee plant produces larger, irregular-shaped cherries compared to the more common Arabica plants. This bean tends to have more of a floral and fruity aroma, but when made into coffee, has a full-bodied, woody taste.
Excelsa (Coffee liberica var. dewevrei)
Excelsa grows on large, hardy trees at medium altitudes whose beans have a characteristic teardrop shape. Growing mainly in Southeast Asia, where it is used as a blending coffee, it adds complexity and depth.
By itself, Excelsa has a pronounced tart, fruity, and dark flavor giving the brew more substance and power.
A caffè Americano is espresso topped with hot water. The Americano stands out amongst its espresso cousins because it doesn’t have milk in it.
Black coffee is simply coffee that is normally brewed without the addition of additives such as sugar, milk, cream, or added flavors
Café au Lait
Café au lait is coffee with hot milk added. It differs from white coffee, which is coffee with cold milk or other whiteners added
A cappuccino is an espresso-based coffee drink that originated in Italy, and is simply prepared with steamed milk foam. Variations of the drink involve the use of cream instead of milk, using non-dairy milk substitutes and flavoring with cinnamon or chocolate powder.
A cortado is a beverage consisting of espresso mixed with a roughly equal amount of warm milk to reduce the acidity. The milk in a cortado is steamed, but not frothy and “texturized” as in many Italian coffee drinks.
Decaffeination is the removal of caffeine from coffee beans, cocoa, tea leaves, and other caffeine-containing materials. Decaffeinated drinks contain typically 1–2% of the original caffeine content, and sometimes as much as 20%. Decaffeinated products are commonly termed decaf.
Doppio espresso is a double shot which is extracted using double the amount of ground coffee in a larger-sized portafilter basket. This results in 60 ml of drink, double the amount of a single shot espresso. Doppio is Italian multiplier, meaning “double”.
Espresso is a coffee-brewing method of Italian origin, in which a small amount of nearly boiling water is forced under 9–10 bars of pressure through finely-ground coffee beans. Espresso coffee can be made with a wide variety of coffee beans and roast degrees.
The flat white coffee is an espresso-based coffee drink accompanied with steamed milk and microfoam. This microfoam is made up of steamed milk which is gently infused with air.
Galão is a hot drink from Portugal made by adding foamed milk to espresso coffee. Similar to caffè latte or café au lait, it consists of about one quarter coffee and three quarters foamed milk. It is served in a tall glass, as opposed to the smaller garoto that is served in a demitasse.
Irish coffee is a cocktail consisting of hot coffee, Irish whiskey, and sugar, stirred, and topped with cream. The coffee is drunk through the cream.
Caffè latte, often shortened to just latte in English, is a coffee drink of Italian origin made with espresso and steamed milk.
Lungo is a coffee beverage made by using an espresso machine to make an Italian-style coffee – short black with more water, resulting in a larger coffee, a lungo.
Caffè macchiato, sometimes called espresso macchiato, is an espresso coffee drink with a small amount of milk, usually foamed. In Italian, macchiato means “stained” or “spotted” so the literal translation of caffè macchiato is “stained” or “marked coffee.”
A caffè mocha, also called mocaccino, is a chocolate-flavoured warm beverage that is a variant of a caffè latte, commonly served in a glass rather than a mug. Other commonly used spellings are mochaccino and also mochachino.
The red eye is brewed coffee topped with a shot of espresso. Most specialty coffee shops pull double shots, so this is usually a double shot of espresso.
Ristretto is a “short shot” of a more highly concentrated espresso coffee. It is made with the same amount of ground coffee, but extracted with a finer grind using half as much water. A normal short shot might look like a Ristretto, but in reality, would only be a weaker, more diluted, shot.
An affogato /ˌɑːfəˈɡɑːtəʊ/, /ˌæfəˈɡɑːtəʊ/ or more traditionally known as “affogato al caffe” is an Italian coffee-based dessert. It usually takes the form of a scoop of unflavoured or vanilla gelato or ice cream topped or “drowned” with a shot of hot espresso.
Cold brew is brewed using room temperature or cold water, and the water usually has direct contact with the coffee grounds between 12-24 hours. Once the coffee has finished steeping, the end product is a strong concentrate that can be mixed with water to make cold brew. Because there’s no hot water involved in the brewing process, cold brew is generally less acidic, has more body, and is a bit more mellow tasting.
A frappé coffee, Greek frappé, Nescafé frappé, or just frappé is a Greek iced coffee drink made from instant coffee, water, sugar, and milk.
Iced coffee is a coffee beverage served cold. It may be prepared either by brewing coffee in the normal way and then serving it over ice or in cold milk, or by brewing the coffee cold. In hot brewing, sweeteners and flavoring may be added before cooling, as they dissolve faster.
An iced latte is simply milk mixed into espresso with ice in the glass.
Mazagran is a cold, sweetened coffee drink that originated in Algeria. Portuguese versions may use espresso, lemon, mint and rum, and Austrian versions are served with an ice cube and include rum.
Nitro Cold Brew
Nitro cold brew is a type of coffee served chilled. It is a variation of cold brewed coffee that uses the addition of nitrogen gas to create a smooth texture. Though recently created, the beverage has grown in popularity.
Oliang, commonly known as Thai iced coffee, is a popular Thai beverage. Oliang is prepared from a mixture of Robusta coffee grounds, brown sugar, and various grains and seeds like cardamom, corn, soybeans, rice, and sesame seeds.
Vietnamese Iced Coffee
Vietnamese iced coffee, also known as cà phê đá or cafe da is a traditional Vietnamese coffee recipe. At its simplest, cà phê đá is made using medium to coarse ground dark roast Vietnamese-grown coffee with a small metal Vietnamese drip filter.
There are so many options to choose from and people say that variety is the spice of life. I’ve actually had many of these listed but haven’t tried the Affogato and think that I’m way over due.
Try a different brew this week and maybe it could be your newest favorite.